මෙවර අය වැය මගින් යෝජනා කර ඇති විදුලි වාහන බදු වල ඇති ගැටළු පිළිබඳව ශ්රී ලංකා විදුලි මෝටර් රථ සමාජය වන අපගේ අදහස් ගරු මංගල සමරවීර මුදල් අමාත්යවරයා වෙත යොමු කිරීමෙන් අනතුරුව මුදල් අමාත්යංශ නිලධාරීන් සමග අමාත්යංශයේදී අද (2019-03-11) දින සාකච්චාවක් පැවත්වුනි.
මූලිකව නව බදු යෝජනා හා වර්තමාන වෙළඳපොළෙහි ඇති විදුලි මෝටර් රථ අතර ඇති විෂමතාවය අප විසින් මෙහිදී අවධානයට යොමු කෙරුණි.
01. මොටරයේ ධාරිතාව මත අනුව බදු පැනවීම නිසා ඇති වූ විෂමතාව
බදු අය කිරීමේ කාණ්ඩ (මොටරයේ ධාරිතාව මත) අනුව 100kW වැඩි මෝටර් සහිත රථ සඳහා වැඩි බදු ප්රතිශතයක් පැනවී ඇති අතර මේ වන විට වෙළඳපොළේ ඇති විදුලි වාහන සැලකීමේදී පෙනී යන කරුණ නම් මධ්යම ප්රමාණයේ සාමාන්ය විදුලි වාහන බහුතරයක මෝටර් 100kW – 150kW අතර ධාරිතාවක් ගන්නා බවයි.
ඉහත පැහැදිලි කල විෂමතාව ඉවත් කර විදුලි වාහන ගෙන්වීම සාර්ථකව දිරිමත් කිරීම සඳහා අප විසින් යෝජනා කර සිටින්නේ 50kW – 100kW කාණ්ඩය 50kW – 150kW දක්වා ඉහල දමන ලෙසය.
2. බදු සහනය වසරකට අඩු කාලයක් භාවිතා කල වාහන සඳහා පමණක් ලබා දීමට ගත් තීරණය
පරිසරයට විශාල බලපෑමක් කරන ඉන්ධන මගින් ධාවනය කරන වසර 3ක් දක්වා පැරණි වාහන ගෙන්වීමට ඉඩ ලබා දී තිබියදී වසර 1ක් දක්වා පැරණි විදුලි වාහන සඳහා පමණක් බදු සහනය ලබා දී වසර 2- සිට 3 දක්වා පැරණි විදුලි වාහන සඳහා වැඩි බදු ප්රතිශතයක් අය කිරීම සාධාරණ නොවේ.
ලෝකය පුරා විදුලි වාහන වලට ඇති ඉල්ලුම අධික වීමත් සැපයුම අවම වීමත් නිසා ලංකාවට ප්රධාන ලෙස වාහන ගෙන්වන ජපානයෙන් හා එංගලන්තයෙන්ද වසරකට නොඅඩු වාහන ආනයනය කිරීමට විශාල හැකියාවක් නැති අතර. වසරක් පැරණි වාහන මිල වසර 2-3 පැරණි වාහන වලට වඩා සැලකියයුතු ලෙස අධික අගයක් ගනී.
ඉහත කාරණා සලකමින් අප රජයට යෝජනා කර සිටින්නේ විදුලි වාහන සඳහා වසර 1 දක්වා පමණක් දී ඇති බදු සහනය වසර 3 දක්වා පැරණි විදුලි වාහන සඳහා ලබා දෙන ලෙසයි.
දැනට ලංකාවට විදුලි වාහන ගෙන්වීම මුලිමනින්ම බිඳ වැටී ඇති අතර පසු ගිය වසර තුල ගේනවා ඇත්තේ විදුලි වාහන 150ක් පමණ ඉතා අඩු ප්රමාණයකි.
අප විසින් යොමු කෙරුණු ඉහත කාරණා සම්බන්ධව ගරු මුදල් අමාත්යවරයා හා සාකච්චා කර ඉක්මන් විසඳුමක් ලබා දෙන බවට පැවසුණු අතර විදුලි වාහන බැටරි ගෙන්වීම හා එම බදු පිළිබඳව මුදල් අමාත්යාංශය සමග අප ඉදිරි සති කිහිපය තුල සාකච්චා කිරීමට බලාපොරොත්තු වෙමු.
සභාපති – ශ්රී ලංකා විදුලි වාහන සමාජය
The Ceylon Electricity Board has installed two charging units for electric vehicles in Kandy.
The charging rates are nominal, said R S Ranatunga, CEB Deputy General Manager. He said the CEB found that Kandy had a large number of electric vehicles, prompting them to inaugurate the charging centres.
Three more stations are to be set up in Nuwara Eliya, Kegalle and Dambulla
While thanking Finance Minister Mangala Samaraweera for the measures that he taken to improve the electric vehicle usage in Sri Lanka in 2018, the Electric Vehicle Club Sri Lanka (EVCSL) yesterday said that it would not be practical to import electric vehicles with motor capacity ranging from100kw-150kw.
While addressing the media briefing yesterday EVCSL Co-founder and Interim Committee Member Mahisanka Abeywickrama said it was also on a plan of removing all fuel vehicles from 2014, imposing the carbon tax, proposal to install electric vehicle chargers, reduction of taxation for buses and trains.
During the media briefing, he pointed out imposing higher tax percentage for electric vehicles over 100Kw as the first issue to not being it practical.
He also said the taxes of electric vehicles are greater than hybrid vehicles if compared within same class. Therefore, we propose the Government to expand the range defined for middle class vehicles to < 50 to 150 < = none of luxury cars falling in to this category. Luxury and Sport cars like Tesla have motors above 200Kw, he said.
|Motor / Engine Capacity||Taxes of Electric Vehicles||Taxes of Petrol Hybrid|
|50kW / 600cc||Rs. 375,000||Rs. 750,000|
|100kW / 1000cc||Rs. 1,250,000||Rs. 1,250,000|
|110kW / 1300cc||Rs. 2,525,000||Rs. 2,600,000|
|130kW / 1300cc||Rs. 3,250,000||Rs. 2,600,000|
|150kW / 1500cc||Rs. 3,750,000||Rs. 3,750,000|
“The decision to not to give tax relieves for used vehicles, is not practical. Main reason is, brand new vehicles are still not imported directly into the country. Second reason is that the efficiency of the car will remain thought out years when compared with hybrids and petrol cars,” Mr. Abeywickrama said.
“When considering the batteries, they are considered as the main component of an electric vehicle. When a new battery is replaced, the old battery could be used for home solar systems for another five years. After that period there is a process of re-exporting and recycling and even batteries of hybrid cars follow the same practice. If used electric batteries are dumped to the environment without proper recycling or disposal process, it causes pollution. There are many steps the government can take to properly collect and re-export the used batteries without restricting the importation of electric vehicles,” he said.
Mr. Abeywickrama said even though brand new electric vehicles were not sold in Sri Lanka at this point, it would start during next year. And there was a possibility of their prices escalating. Furthermore, the European countries give special grants and other relief when purchasing an electric vehicle. As a result, their prices decrease drastically and by importing those used vehicles to our country will also benefit from those grants in an indirect way.
Accordingly, the EVCSL proposed that they would appreciate if the government could allow to import electric vehicles which are at least two years older. (Chaturanga Pradeep)
විදුලි බලයෙන් ධාවනය වන මෝටර් රථ සදහා බදු සහන දීමට 2018 අයවැය යෝජනාවලිය මගින් රජය පියවර ගැනීම විවේචනය කරමින් සමස්ත ලංකා යතුරුපැදිකරුවන්ගේ සංගමය විසින් ජනතාව නොමග යන සුළු නිවේදනයක් නිකුත් (2017/11/10) කර තිබේ. මෙහිදී ඔවුන් මතු කර තිබෙන කාරණා පිළිබඳව වඩා නිවැරදි පැහැදිලි කිරීමක් අප ඉදිරිපත් කිරීමට තීරණය කළෙමු.
රාත්රී කාලයේ විදුලි වාහන ආරෝපණය රටට ඉතිරියකි
ශ්රී ලංකාවේ විදුලි ඉල්ලුම පෙ.ව.5.30 සිට ප.ව.6.30 දක්වා සාමාන්ය අගයක පවතින අතර ප.ව.6.30 සිට ප.ව.10.30 දක්වා එය අධික වී ප.ව.10.30 සිට පෙ.ව.5.30 දක්වා ඉතා අවම වේ. නමුත් මෙම ඉල්ලුමට අනුරූපව සැපයුම වෙනස් නොවනවා මෙන්ම රාතී්ර කාලයේ විදුලි නිපදවීමට ඉන්ධන භාවිතා නොකරන අතර වැය වන්නේ ඉතා අඩු පිරිවැයකි.
ශ්රී ලංකා විදුලි වාහන සංගමය ලෙස මෙම කාරණා සම්බන්ධව අප මුල සිටම රජයේ අවධානය යොමු කල අතර විදුලි ඉල්ලුම ඉතා අවම ප.ව.10.30 සිට පෙ.ව. 5.30 දක්වා කාලය තුල විදුලි වාහන ආරෝපණය දිරිමත් කිරීමේ විශේෂ විදුලි අය ක්රම මේ වන විට හඳුන්වා දී ඇති අතර එමගින් විදුලි වාහන ආරෝපණය ජාතික විදුලි බල පද්ධතියට අමතර බරක් නොවී එමගින් විදුලි ඉල්ලුම් වෙනස පාලනයට පහසුවක් වනු ඇත.
ඉන්ධන නෞකා එන තුරු බලා නොසිට බල ශක්ති සුරක්ෂිතතාව ඉහල නංවමු
විදුලි වාහන හිමියන් බොහෝ විට තම බලශක්ති අවශ්යතාව සඳහා සූර්ය බල පද්ධති ස්ථාපනය කරන අතර එමගින් ඔවුන්ගේ සමස්ථ පරිභෝජනය ලබාගෙන විදුලි බල පද්ධතියටද අමතර සැපයුමක් ලබා දෙති. විදුලි වාහන ප්රවර්නධය මගින් ජාතික බලශක්ති ගැටලුවට මෙන්ම ජාතික හා ගෘහස්ත බලශක්ති සුරක්ෂිතාව ඉහල දැමිය හැකි බවට හොඳම උදාහරණය පසුගියදා සිදු වූ ඉන්ධන හිඟයයි. ජාතික විදුලි බල පද්ධතිය සම්පූර්ණයෙන් බිඳ වැටුනද විදුලි වාහනය ගෘහස්ත සූර්ය බල පද්ධතිය මගින් ආරෝපණය කර ගත හැකි වීම තුලින් ඉන්ධන නෞකා එන තුරු මුහුදට දත නියවමින් නොසිට සිය ප්රවාහන අවශ්යතා සපුරාගත හැකි වනු ඇත. ජාතික විදුලි බල පද්ධතියෙන් ස්වාදීන වූ සූර්ය බලශ්ක්තියෙන් ක්රියාත්මක වන වාහන ආරෝපණ මධ්යස්ථාන සම්බන්ධව යෝජනා මෙවර අය වැය යෝජනාවලියේද ඇතුලත්ව ඇත.
පරිසර හිතකාමී බව හා විදුලි වාහන බැටරි
සාමාන්ය වාහන මගින් ධාවනයේදී දුම් පිටවීමට අමතරව නඩත්තු කිරීමේදීද විශාල ලෙස තෙල් හා උපාංග පරිසරයට මුදා හරිනු ලබන අතර විදුලි වාහන වල එම පරිසර හානිය නැත. විදුලි වාහන බැටරියක් අවු 5-8ක් අතර කාලයක් වාහනයක භාවිතා වන අතර ඉන් පසු එය ගෘහස්ත සූර්ය බල පද්ධති සඳහා තවත් අවු 8ක් පමණ භාවිත කල හැක. එම භාවිතයෙන් පසු බැටරි ප්රතිචක්රීයකරණය සඳහා නැවත අපනයනය කිරීමේ ක්රමවේද ඇති අතර. රටක් ලෙස අප කල යුත්තේ එම ක්රමවේද හඳුන්වාදී ලෝකයත් සමග ඉදිරියට යාම මිස තාක්ෂණයට බිය වීම නොවේ.
අවසාන වශයෙන් කීමට ඇත්තේ යතුරුපැදිකරුවන්ගේ සංගමයේ සහෝදරයින් පරිසරය කෙරෙහි සැබෑ ඇල්මක් දක්වයි නම් කල යුත්තේ ශබ්ද දූෂණය, වායු දූෂණය නොකරන ආනයනික ඉන්ධන මත නොපැයෙන පරිසර හිතකාමී ගමනක් වෙනුවෙන් විදුලි යතුරු පැදි හා සූර්ය බලශක්තිය පිලිබඳ අවධානයක් යොමු කරන ලෙසය. ඒ සඳහා අප සහායද ඔබට ලැබෙනු ඇත.
ශ්රී ලංකා විදුලි මෝටර් රථ සමාජය
SHIFTING GEARS FROM FOSSIL FUEL TO ELECTRIC
Yasmin Helal notes the breakneck speed of the shift to electric cars and discusses the pros and cons of evolving trends in the motor industry
Electric vehicles (EV) are rapidly populating the Earth. Even multinational energy giant Royal Dutch Shell’s CEO Ben van Beurden says that his next car would be electric. In September, he switched from a diesel car to a plug-in Mercedes-Benz S500e.
And he’s not the only one. The company’s Chief Financial Officer Jessica Uhl was already driving a BMW i3 electric car.
“The whole move to electrify the economy and mobility in places like northwest Europe, the US and even China is a good thing,” Van Beurden told Bloomberg not long ago, adding: “We need to be at a much higher degree of electric vehicle penetration, or hydrogen or gas vehicles, if we want to stay within the 2°C outcome.”
The global movement to push EVs has picked up this year and Fitch Ratings expects the trend to significantly increase over the next decade. According to International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates, the industry will deploy up to 70 million EVs by 2025.
Countries like France and the UK have already announced that they will ban the sale of diesel and gasoline fuelled cars by 2040. In the UK, about 26,000 new plug-in electric cars have been registered since the beginning of this year, which is 18 percent more than in 2016. This increase is supported by about 4,700 charging stations. And it takes the nation’s number of registered EVs to more than 110,000.
Norway says that in 2025, all new cars will be zero emission. According to the IEA, about 10 more countries have set targets that can push more EVs into the market. They include Austria, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. While the US has not yet made any promises, at least eight of its states have announced relevant future goals.
And the movement towards EVs is not limited to the West. EVs have become increasingly popular in the East too.
The Indian government has said it aims to have fully electric cars on the road by 2030. And China is already the largest electric car market, accounting for 40 percent of the world’s EV sales, which is more than double that of the United States.
This trend began in Japan with 2,500 EVs sold as early as at the beginning of last year. Japan is also unique in that the market comprises entirely locally produced vehicles. The EV market has had an early push in South Korea as well with almost 6,000 vehicles sold in 2016.
In the West, the move to popularise EVs was triggered by the Paris Agreement and facilitated by falling prices that are now almost within the range of fossil fuelled cars.
A shift to EVs in the Asian market, which is the world’s largest consumer of fuel, would have a significant impact on the global oil industry – particularly for major suppliers like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). EV penetration has caused one of the most disruptive changes the global oil market has witnessed so far.
Moreover, a recent report released by Oil Change International states that current efforts to decarbonise the energy sector could lead to a drop in Saudi Aramco’s initial public offering (IPO) value. The IPO is scheduled for next year.
The report notes that compared to a base case estimate of around US$ 1.5 trillion, the value of Aramco could be 25-40 percent lower in the IEA’s safer climate scenarios.
In this context, the statement by Shell’s CEO is significant. Shell and other global oil giants have been struggling with their balance sheets since oil prices started falling. After the price of oil reached a historical peak of US$ 112 a barrel in 2014, it dropped to less than 28 dollars early last year and has risen again to above US$ 50 recently.
One of Shell’s strategies to overcome the crisis has been to invest up to one billion dollars annually in its New Energies division, accelerating the transition toward renewable power and electric cars. Other oil giants like Total S.A. and BP are also diversifying their energy investments in the face of developments on the climate change front.
There’s speculation that if plug-in cars account for a third of the global auto fleet by 2040, about eight million barrels of oil production will be displaced each day. This figure is more than Saudi Arabia’s current export capacity of seven million barrels a day.
In the meantime, some analysts have flagged the climate impact of EVs, which require the extraction of nickel rich ores from countries like Australia, Canada, Indonesia, Russia and the Philippines. The substance reportedly causes clouds of sulphur dioxide and cancerous dust. Nickel is such a pollutant that the Philippines has closed or suspended up to 17 mines this year due to environmental concerns.
Another mine in Western Australia (Ravensthorpe Nickel Operations) was scheduled for imminent closure at the time of writing. In Colombia, both area residents and workers in the Cerro Matoso mine have reported elevated levels of deformities and respiratory problems associated with exposure to nickel mining and smelting pollution.
EV makers have said that they’re taking the necessary precautions. French carmaker Renault, which launched Europe’s best-selling electric vehicle last year, maintains that its manufacturers recycle almost 70 percent of the battery weight. And Tesla has affirmed that the nickel used in its vehicles is reusable.
- Say authorities need to prioritise what they intend to do with EVs in the country
- Recommend introducing an insurance scheme at EVCS for consumers
- Suggest limiting EVs imported over six months from date of manufacture
- Insist on level playing field for consumers and investors on infrastructure, ROI
- Call for consistent policies to make a definitive impact on promotion, adoption of new energy vehicles for all transport needs
By Charumini de Silva
Stakeholders of electric vehicles in the country called for systems and protocols to be open and standardised in the upcoming regulatory framework for electric vehicle charging stations (EVCS), consumer rights and related areas which will be in effect from the middle of next year.
Automobile companies, consumer associations, investors, industrialists and other individuals yesterday presented their views, comments and proposals at the second phase of the public consultation on the regulation of the EVCS and the protection of consumer rights conducted by the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL).
Improper billing methods, the unavailability of real-time information, registering for authorised EVCS, standard selling prices, accountability or insurance for EVs while charging, standard signboards, standard work hours, battery and disposal as well as concerns in sales of grey market EVs in Sri Lanka were highlighted as major constrains which need to be addressed in the regulatory framework.
Electrical Vehicle Club of Sri Lanka Co-Founder and Interim Committee Member Maheesanka Abewickrama said the authorities need to prioritise what they intend to do with EVs in the country.
“We need to focus on what the regulatory framework intends to do. Is it to encourage use for primary transport, allow to use it as a secondary or leisure or to reduce fuel usage to EVs?” he questioned.
According to him, 73% of people use EVs for individual use and 93% are very satisfied customers who are willing to upgrade for another EV.
Sharing consumer views on charging stations, he highlighted improper billing methods, no standards in selling prices, no alternative charging methods (at least 15A power outlet) provided at stations and high prices for Level 2 (L2) charging as key concerns that need to be addressed.
In terms of end user tariff and billing, Abewickrama asserted it was important to define selling rates for DC fast charging stations and L2 charging station based on time of use.
«As consumers we like to have kilowatt hour (KWh) based billing, but it is alright to add time-based price (per minute charge or for time slots) on top of KWh price in order to manage long duration charging,» he added.
Further, he pointed out introducing selling rates for each existing tariff category.»This is very important as some other businesses like to provide this as an additional service such as hotels, restaurants, super markets and apartments.
However, Abewickrama urged avoiding the sale of electricity at high prices for electric vehicles noting that some places practise priced Rs. 70/KWh for providing only a 15A power socket.
It was pointed out that there are 350 registered members in the Electrical Vehicle Club of Sri Lanka.
Noting that EV batteries contain toxic chemicals and if not disposed of in the correct manner can cause contamination and lead to environmental damage, Associated Motorways Deputy General Manager – Nissan, Pradeep Wijerathne, recommended batteries be disposed of according to manufacture guidelines by authorised service dealers.
He also said raised concerns over sales of grey market EVs in Sri Lanka. “As the lifespan of the EV battery is approximately eight years (depending on the usage), we suggest to have limitations in vehicles imported to the country to be not more than six months old from the date of manufacture.”
Wijerathne emphasised having an insurance scheme in place at EVCS for consumers in case any damage was caused due to charging.
Expressing views from a supplier’s perspective, Infotec Global Executive Director Pradeep Saikia stated it was imperative to maintain a register of authorised EVCS at the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) and Lanka Electricity Company Ltd. (LECO).
“This will enable regulatory authorities to ensure that service providers meet consumer requirements in terms of the quality of installation, information systems and support structure. In China, the Government requires all charging stations to be connected to a backend system monitored by China Grid. It allows monitoring the availability, security and performances of the different EVCSs,” he added.
He said the interests of consumer and investors on the infrastructure with a level playing field was important as well as a reasonable return on investment (ROI).
Saikia noted that a well-regulated and widespread network of fast chargers was critical for the transition of the EV from second or third vehicle status to becoming the primary vehicle of use.
The growth of EV share in total car sales is directly influenced by the incentives and policies extended for the purchase and operation of the EV, he expressed, calling for consistent regulations to make a definitive impact on the promotion and adoption of new energy vehicles for all transportation needs.
– Pix by Ruwan Walpola
(13/09/2017) – Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), the electricity sector regulator, today opened the path for public to comment on issues pertaining to an electric vehicle charging stations (EVCS) and its users in order to identify and draft the required regulatory tools.
The Government empowered PUCSL to establish a register of EVCS at each distribution licensee- CEB and LECO, issue code of practice for EVCS, determine end user tariffs, issue safety and other technical standards for EVCS and collect information on a regular basis for monitoring purposes. Also, approval was granted to introduce amendments to the Sri Lanka Electricity Act enabling regulatory intervention on EVCS, enabling PUCSL to enforce user tariffs, licensing as well as imposing of safety and technical standards.
Registration of electric motor cars in Sri Lanka has increased from 90 in the year 2014 to 3,238 in the year 2015.
Total registration of electric motor cars from the year 2011-2016 is approximately 4,349 in Sri Lanka. Apart to a large number of electric motor cars, Sri Lanka also has a limited number of electric motor tricycles, motorcycles, dual purpose vehicles and single cabs.
Around 50 privately owned Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (EVCS) are operating in the country, covering all main towns, catering to the growing number of customers using electric vehicles but remain unregulated due to lack of proper legislation.
PUCSL invites stakeholders views, suggestions, recommendation, concerns and comments related to following areas;
a) Requirement of maintaining and updating a register of authorized EVCS at CEB and LECO
b) Code of practices for EVCS
c) Determination of end user tariffs, safety and other technical standards for EVCS
d) Rights and Obligations Statement for consumers of EVCS
e) Issues faced by EVCS and consumers of such centres
f) Issues related to residential charging facilities
PUCSL wishes to introduce a regulatory mechanism to safeguard the rights of EVCS, consumers of such places in terms of economic, technical and safety aspects.
The draft consultation paper is now available at www.pucsl.gov.lk for reference. A printed copy of this report also is available at the Information Centre of the Commission. Those who are interested can submit their written comments/submissions to the Commission by post/fax or e-mail and online via www.pucsl.gov.lk on or before 12th of October 2017.
Further, PUCSL plans to hold an oral submission on the same.The venue and the date of the meeting will be communicated to the interested parties at an early date.
The Consultation document is attached herewith.
Download the Consultation Paper
The oral comment submission session of the Public Consultation on Electric Vehicle Charging Centers and Consumer Rights will be held on 19th October from 8.30 AM @ BMICH ORCHID hall, Participation of EV users appreciated
Ways to respond consultation,
Write to: Public Consultation on Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka,
Level 06, BoC Merchant Tower, 28,
St. Michael’s Road,
Respond online by accessing PUCSL Website
Or Email to: [email protected]
Fax: (011) 2392641
For further information, please contact:
Assistant Director – Corporate Communication
Mob: – 0718622800
In view of a possible rise in electric cars on Sri Lankan roads in the near future the Government took its first step last week to formulate regulations to streamline a booming sector of electric car charging stations.
The Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), the electric sector regulatory authority last week called for written submissions from the public with a view to draft regulatory tools for the charging stations.
According to the PUCSL, the country imported its first electric car in 2011 and currently it has about 4,500 cars on the road. In 2014, there were just 90 registrations of electric cars as against 3,238 in 2015.
Apart from cars, there are a limited number of electric motor tricycles, motorcycles, dual purpose vehicles and single cabs plying our roads.
With the news of China, the world’s biggest car market focusing on banning fossil fuel cars in the near future, pushing car manufacturers worldwide to fall in line, the popularity of electric cars is expected to shoot up, in the local scene as well. The Guardian reported that Britain has set itself a target to ban cars running on gasoline by 2040.
CEB blue prints
However, with a mere 50 privately owned Electric Vehicle Charging Stations (EVCS) concentrated mainly within the city, this has been a less sought after option for many in Sri Lanka, at present. The scenario is expected to change rapidly over a couple of years, with the CEB making blue prints to set up six Direct-Current Fast Charging stations islandwide before the year end.
“Our intention is to touch on the issues related to the electric Vehicle charging stations and report back to the government to help formulate a regulatory tool to protect consumer rights,” Director General, PUCSL Damitha Kumarasinghe told the Sunday Observer.
With an imminent growth, the PUCSL has been empowered by the Government to seek out public opinion. At the outset, views are accepted in writing but at the close of written submissions the PUCSL will be calling for oral submissions from all stakeholders – owners of charging stations, owners of electric cars, electrical suppliers, service station owners and the public.
“We want to ensure that this is an inclusive process,” the Chairman said.
The effort will be to identify consumer rights, determine the selling price of a unit and technical quality, such as, the time taken to recharge and voltage used, as well as on how to avoid hazardous situations. “Based on the views received we will make recommendations on a regulatory framework, “ he said.
The CEB already operates one Direct-Current charging station at the Kelanitissa power station. Their charges, currently approved by the PUCSL, are:
*Day time charges from 5.30 am to 6.30 pm – Rs. 50 per KW/H
*Peak time charges from 6.30 pm to 10.30 pm – Rs.70 per KW/H
*Off peak charges from 10.30 pm to 5.30 am – Rs.30 per KW/H
The charging time for the 25 KW/H battery capacity car is 25 minutes.
The regulatory body will also look into the possible constraints put on the already stretched energy sector with the expansion of the electric car sales, apart from the issues related to the charging infrastructure.
The Director General said, the PUCSL aims to cover the following areas through the public consultation process. Hence, views, suggestions, recommendations, concerns and comments on the following are welcome.
a) Requirement of maintaining and updating a register of authorized EVCS at CEB and LECO
b) Code of Practice for EVCS
c) Determination of end user tariffs, safety and other technical standards for EVCS
d)Rights and Obligations Statement for Consumers of EVCS
e) Issues faced by EVCS and consumers of such centres
f) Issues relating to residential
Written submissions will be entertained till October 4. A week after, the PUCSL will call for oral submissions, a venue and a date for oral submissions is to be announced next week.
Low cost energy
President of the CEB Engineers’ Union, Athula Wanniarachchi said, they endorsed the effort by the Government to move away from gasoline cars for a green culture but there has to be an effort to produce energy at lower cost to make it a success.Other countries have well thought out plans to generate low cost energy, to make electric cars affordable to consumers but we don’t have a proper plan.” He said, adding that the PUCSL has rejected their long term generation plan that had this in focus.
The CEB set up their first Direct-Current Fast Charging station at Kelanitissa Power station and this is already in operation. They plan to set up six more stations in Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, Pannipitiya, Kadawatha, Awissawella and Welipenna on the Southern Highway. More CEB stations are planned in 2018.
The CEB will also have Level 2 charging units at the fast charging stations with a lower tariff margin for the benefit of the consumers. The time of charging at these stations will take 2-3 hours. The Tariff structure will be – Day time Rs.30, Peak time Rs. 55 and Off Peak Rs.20.
CEB Deputy General Manager Research and Development, Ronald Comester said ,”Our main concern is the consumption during severe peak time (6.30pm-10.30pm) and a possible spike in that due to the electric cars.”
“With this in mind we have come up with the structured tariff system for charging stations,” he said.
“There is a sharp reduction of load after the peak time, forcing a major de-load after 10.30pm. Our target is to make this de-load as gradual as possible. The plan is to embark on an awareness campaign to encourage electric car users to use the off peak time to charge their cars, he said, adding that the development in the electric cars sector can be used to cushion the effects.
Comester said, they do not expect a sudden increase in demand for energy due to a surge in electric cars in the local scene but there could be a gradual increase but with proper planning this demand could be cushioned.
According to latest predictions in the Bloomberg’s Electric Vehicle Outlook 2017, the electric vehicles revolution is going to hit the market even harder and faster. Electric vehicles are on track to accelerate to 54% of new car sales by 2040.
By Quintus Perera
The Sunday Times
Sunday, July 23, 2017
To discuss these matters the EV Club met in Colombo last week where Mahisanka Abeywickrama, Co-Founder EV Club said that their main objective is to examine the problems confronted by them and find speedy solutions.
The current situation with regard to electric vehicles in Sri Lanka is that there are nearly 4,200 EVs running on the roads in addition to around 900 electric motorcycles in the country.
He said that after the tax increase on EVs in 2016 the import of EVs virtually stopped. In the first half of 2017, he said that they found a very small number of these vehicles were imported. He said that there are around 45 power charging stations for EVs in the country and urged that the number has to be further expanded.
He said that they have the issue of not having a power charging station at Welipenne Rest Area in the Southern Expressway. He said that there are several private investors ready to install such a power charging station at that point, but for strange reasons, the necessary approval could not yet be obtained. This power charging station is required there as it is the longest expressway, he stressed.
They were also concerned about the needs of the owners and the efficiency of the service providers, though there is very little maintenance required for EVs when compared to hybrid and fossil fuel combustion vehicles, Mr. Abeywickrama pointed out.
Current users at the moment are faced with problems of battery replacement as in Sri Lanka 90 per cent of the EVs are Nissan Leaf and the local agents are not undertaking the battery replacements. He said that there are other parties who claim that they could undertake battery replacements which are apparently entering the market.
Another major problem confronted by the EV owners is that there is a clause in the insurance policies of most of the insurance companies that they would pay only 10 per cent of the insured value of the battery and without properly going through the conditions EV Club members have signed these policies.
He said that they are now negotiating with insurance companies to solve this problem.
They were constrained to understand the attitude of the authorities in not facilitating the increase use of electric vehicles in the country and expressed concern that this may be due to the fossil fuel mafia and/or pressure from other vehicle manufacturers. Mr.Abeywickrama pointed that countries like Germany have decided to eliminate fossil fuel driven vehicles by 2030 and have only electric vehicles.
He said that the German Government is also believed to offer grants for those willing to use electric vehicles. Those EV owners who are willing to join EV Club are requested to go through the Club’s website – www.evclub.lk